This list contains select peer-reviewed and internal publications. Some were written before nLine was started, and represent our foundational ideas.

Scientific integrity is a core value and we will continue to publish our learnings. Check back for internal studies, documents produced for customers, and opinion pieces, all currently under development.


  • Measuring Grid Reliability in Ghana
    Noah Klugman, Joshua Adkins, Susanna Berkouwer, Kwame Abrokwah, Matthew Podolsky, Pat Pannuto, Catherine Wolfram, Jay Taneja, and Prabal Dutta

    Introduction to Development Engineering: A Framework with Applications from the Field - [chapter]
  • The electricity scene from above: Exploring power grid inconsistencies using satellite data in Accra, Ghana
    Zeal Shaha, Noah Klugman, Gabriel Cadamuro, Feng-Chi Hsu, Christopher D. Elvidge, Jay Taneja

    Applied Energy - [paper]


  • Watching the Grid: Utility-Independent Measurements of Electricity Reliability in Accra, Ghana
    Noah Klugman, Joshua Adkins, Emily Paszkiewicz, Molly G. Hickman, Matthew Podolsky, Jay Taneja, and Prabal Dutta

    International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (co-located with CPS-IoT Week 2021) (IPSN’21) - [paper] [slides (as pdf)] [conference]


  • Hardware, Apps, and Surveys at Scale: Insights from Measuring Grid Reliability in Accra, Ghana
    Noah Klugman, Joshua Adkins, Susanna Berkouwer, Kwame Abrokwah, Ivan Bobashev, Pat Pannuto, Matthew Podolsky, Aldo Susenot, Revati Thatte, Catherine Wolfram, Jay Taneja, and Prabal Dutta

    ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies (COMPASS’19) - [paper] [slides (as pdf)] [conference]
  • The Open INcentive Kit (OINK): Standardizing the Generation, Comparison, and Deployment of Incentive Systems
    Noah Klugman, Santiago Correa, Pat Pannuto, Matthew Podolsky, Jay Taneja, and Prabal Dutta

    The Tenth International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD’19) - [paper] [slides (as pdf)] [conference]


  • Experience: Android Resists Liberation from Its Primary Use Case
    Noah Klugman, Veronica Jacome, Meghan Clark, Matthew Podolsky, Pat Pannuto, Neal Jackson, Aley Soud Nassor, Catherine Wolfram, Duncan Callaway, Jay Taneja, and Prabal Dutta

    The 24th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom’18) - [paper] [slides (as pdf)] [conference]